Civil War
Indian Wars
SpanishAmerican War

 

Gen. William W. Robinson, Jr.
Born: April 2, 1846, Amherst, Ohio Died: March 24, 1917, Washington D.C.
Residence at time of enlistment: Sparta, WI
Appointed to U.S. Military Academy 1863
Co. E, 7th Wis. Vol Inf. Enlisted of Pvt. March 15, 1865 Mustered Out July 3, 1865
Commissioned: June 16, 1869
Rank in: 2nd Lt. Rank Out: Brig. Gen.

 

Other Service
Cadet at the U.S. Military Academy, from July 1, 1865, to June 15, 1869, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to Second Lieut., 3rd Calvary, June 15, 1869.
Served: on frontier duty at Fort Selden, N.M., Oct. 8.1869, to Feb. 25, 1870, Camp Goodwin, Ara., to Oct. 7, 1870- Camp Grant, Ara, to Dec. 17, 1871, -Ft. D.A. Russell, WY., Apr, 1872 to Aug. 1, 1874 (sick leave of absence to July 23, 1875.)- Camp Robinson, Nebr., Scouting and Camp Collins, Dak., July-Nov. 1875.-Ft. D.A. Russell, WY., to May, 1876,- Ft. McPherson, Nebr., to Sep., 1876- Ft. Lincoln, Dak., Sep 10, to Nov., 1876,- Ft. Abercrombie, Dak., to Apr 12, 1877-Nez Perce Expedition, to Oct 18, 1877,  and Ft. Totten, Dak., Nov 16, 1877. Transferred to the 7th Calvary, Jan. 26, 1876          August 14, 1876,  he was promoted to first lieutenant and served with the Seventh cavalry in Montana, Dakota, Kansas and Indian territory, being several years regimental uartermaster, until June 1, 1891, when he was made captain and ssistant quartermaster.  In this latter position he served at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.; San Antonio, Tex.; Denver, Colo.; and San Francisco prior to his assignment to station at Seattle in 1896.
  From Seattle he was transferred as quartermaster in October, 1900, where he served until the following year, when he transferred to the Philippines, where he served as chief quartermaster for the department of Luzon.  He served in the Philippines until 1904, when he was granted a leave of absence on account of sickness and assigned as chief quartermaster of the department of Dakota, and later to the Great Lakes department, with headquarters in Chicago, where he was serving when placed on the retired list.
   
Buried: Arlington Nat'l Cemetery
Relationship 1st Cousin 3x Rnmoved
 

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Regimental History
7th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry
 
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Seventh Infantry. -- Cols., Joseph Van Dor, William W. Robinson Lieut.- Cols., Charles A. Hamilton, John B. Callis, Mark Finnicum Hollon Richardson; Majs., George Bill, George S. Hoyt.

This regiment, organized in Aug., 1861, was mustered into the U. S. service by companies and left the state for Washington on Sept. 21. It reached Washington on Sept. 26 and joined King's brigade at Camp Lyon on Oct. 2.

After the surrender of the Confederate forces the regiment moved to Black and White's Station, where it remained until ordered to Washington, where it participated in the grand review. On June 17 it was ordered to Louisville, where it was mustered out and started for Wisconsin on July 2.

The original strength of the regiment was 1,029; gain by recruits in 1863, 74; in 1864, 343; in 1865, 12; by
substitutes, 189; by draft, 67; by veteran reenlistments, 218; total ,932. Losses by death, 385; missing, 12; by desertion, 44; by transfer, 106;, discharged 473; mustered out, 912.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4
 

Regimental History

 

US. 3rd Cavalry

 

The Regiment's history began on May 19, 1846, when it was formed as the "Regiment of Mounted Riflemen" at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. The Regiment was organized into the regular army for "establishing military stations on route to Oregon" but the Mexican War diverted the Mounted Riflemen from their original mission. As fate would have it, the Regiment lost most of its horses in a storm at sea during the crossing to Mexico from New Orleans. As a result the Regiment avoided the usual cavalry assignments of the period such as chasing guerrillas and protecting supply lines. Instead the Regiment fought as infantry in six campaigns during the Mexican War.
It was in the Mexican War that the 3rd Cavalry Regiment earned their moniker of "Brave Rifles" and their motto of "Blood and Steel." Legend has it that as the men of the Regiment lay bloodied and exhausted from fierce fighting at Contreras, Mexico, the General of the Army, Winfield Scott approached to order them into another tough fight. As General Scott approached, each man stood at attention. The General was so overcome by their display of valor that he removed his hat, bowed, and then proclaimed, "Brave Rifles! Veterans! You have been baptized in fire and blood and have come out steel!"
At the end of the Mexican War, the Regiment returned to Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and began the grueling 2,000 mile march to the Oregon Territory to accomplish the mission for which it had originally been organized - the establishment of military outposts on the route to Oregon. In December of 1851, the regiment was ordered to Texas, and for the next four years operated against the Indian tribes living in that area. In 1856, Indian troubles in the New Mexico Territory required additional troops, and the Regiment moved further west, marching through and also garrisoning in Fort Bliss, Texas.
The beginning of the Civil War brought the reorganization of the mounted arm of the United States Army. In August of 1861, the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen was re-designated the 3rd United States Cavalry Regiment. The 3rd Cavalry remained in New Mexico Territory as security against hostile Indians and possible Confederate incursion. Confederate forces out of Texas did start a campaign to take New Mexico and Colorado Territories early in the war. They were defeated by Union forces that included the 3rd Cavalry Regiment at the Battle of Glorieta Pass, near Santa Fe, in March of 1862. This defeat caused Confederate forces to withdraw back to Texas.
In December of 1862, the 3rd Cavalry Regiment moved to Memphis, Tennessee to join the western theater of the war. During the Civil War the 3rd Cavalry fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama and North Carolina, participating in the Chattanooga Campaign as part of the advance guard of Sherman's Army. After the war, the 3rd Cavalry Regiment was again sent to New Mexico to help settle the frontier and participate in the Indian Wars.
From 1866 until 1871 the 3rd U.S. Cavalry participated in operations against the Apache in New Mexico and Arizona. In late 1871 the Regiment was transferred north to the Department of the Platte, which covered an area that covered the states of Wyoming, Montana, the Dakotas and Nebraska. The Regiment participated in the Little Big Horn Campaign against the Sioux and Cheyenne. On June 17, 1876, ten companies of the 3rd Cavalry fought in the Battle of Rosebud Creek. This was the largest battle between the Army and the Indians in the history of the American West. The final surrender of Geronimo to elements of the 3rd Cavalry in 1886 signaled the end of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment's participation in the Indian Wars.

In April of 1898, the 3rd United States Cavalry found themselves assembled at Camp Thomas, Georgia as an element of a provisional cavalry division, part of the army gathering for the invasion of Cuba and the Spanish American War. During the Spanish-American War, the 3d Cavalry Regiment participated in the attacks on San Juan and Kettle Hills, placing the first American flag at the points of victory. After the war, the Regiment was ordered to the Philippines, this time for garrison duty. At the outbreak of World War I, the Regiment was transferred to Europe. Arriving in France in November 1917, the Regiment was scattered, and its squadrons operated remount depots for the duration of the war. In 1919, the Regiment returned from Europe and was stationed throughout the Eastern United States. The Regiment executed a garrison mission until the beginning of World War II. Although one historical footnote is that in July of 1932, Major George S. Patton, under order of Douglas MacArthur, led the 3d Cavalry against the Bonus Army during the veteran's protest in Washington D.C.